Class 10 Biology Our Environment Ecosystem


All organisms such as plants, animals, microorganisms and human beings interact with the non-living physical surroundings in an area called as the ecosystem.

Fig. Ecosystem

The abiotic components of ecosystem are light, temperature, rainfall, wind, soil etc.

Fig. Abiotic components -light, rainfall, soil

Various examples of ecosystem are forests, ponds, gardens, crop fields.

Fig. Forest- an ecosystem

Fig. Pond- an ecosystem

Fig. Garden- an ecosystem

Fig. Crop field- an ecosystem

An ecosystem which is formed due to the result of interactions between organisms and the environment is natural ecosystem.

An ecosystem which is created by human beings and did not exist naturally is artificial ecosystem.

Example- Forests, ponds are natural ecosystem and gardens, crop fields are artificial ecosystem.

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