Class 12 Biology Biotechnology and Applications Introduction


  • Biotechnology deals with industrial scale production of biopharmaceuticals and biologicals using genetically modified microbes, fungi, plants and animals.
  • Applications of biotechnology include therapeutics, diagnostics, genetically modified crops for agriculture, processed food, bioremediation, waste treatment, and energy production.
  • Human beings have used biotechnology to improve the quality of human life especially in the field of food production and health.


Fig. applications of biotechnology include genetics, therapeutics, diagnostics, waste treatment

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