English Grammar Subject Predicate Introduction


We all use sentences in our day to day life to make others understand what we think, want or feel. A sentence is a group of words which makes a complete sense.

For example,

  • I am feeling very thirsty.

  • I am going to visit my Aunt.

  • The children are playing indoor games.

  • Children are sitting under the tree.

Every sentence has two parts- Subject and Predicate.

Subject refers to that part of the sentence that we are speaking about. The term “Subject” means something which has more importance.

Subject can be a person, place, thing, or an animal.

Predicate refers to the part of sentence that tells about the Subject. The term “Predicate” is derived from a Latin word which means declared. It contains the Verb and all words supporting the Verb. So Predicate declares something about the Subject in a sentence.

For example, 

  • Children love ice cream.

In this sentence, we are talking about the children and giving more importance to them. So “children” are the Subject in this sentence. The sentence says that the children love ice cream. So “love ice cream” is the Predicate in this sentence.

  • A beautiful lady was wearing a red dress.

Subject: A beautiful lady

Predicate: was wearing a red dress.


  • The sun sets in the west.

Subject: The sun        

Predicate: sets in the west


  • The sun shines brightly.

Subject: The sun        

Predicate: shines brightly.


  • Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan.

Subject: Jaipur

Predicate: is the capital of Rajasthan.

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